俄羅斯將大力發展氫能和太陽能

新聞來源:俄羅斯將大力發展氫能和太陽能

 

中國石化新聞網訊 據4月26日RT報導,國際太陽能聯盟(ISA)主席Ajay Mathur博士表示,俄羅斯,一個以其豐富的石油和天然氣儲備而聞名的國家,有潛力成為“綠色”氫能和太陽能的世界領導者。

該組織成立於2016年,最初由印度總理納倫德拉·莫迪(Narendra Modi)提議,專注於將位於熱帶地區的國家團結在一起,當然,其他地區的國家也有可能成為其成員。該計畫旨在促進太陽能的消費,以減少對化石燃料的依賴。現在,Mathur正考慮將該集團擴展到其他擁有重要太陽能前景的國家,包括俄羅斯。

Mathur表示:“我們相信,尤其是俄羅斯南部地區有著巨大的太陽能開發潛力。俄羅斯和ISA可以互相學習。ISA提供了一套其他國家的經驗教訓,而我們從俄羅斯獲得的經驗教訓可以與太陽能聯盟和全球太陽能用戶群體分享。”

值得一提的是,當前,俄羅斯在水力發電方面取得了巨大的進步,在水電解法方面處於世界領先地位。

Mathur強調:“俄羅斯是世界上國土面積最大的國家。我們期待它成為太陽能聯盟的一員。”

除了太陽能,馬瑟認為俄羅斯可以在氫能方面發揮主導作用。綠色氫氣是利用太陽能分解水而產生的。它不同於通過化石燃料製造的“灰氫”,以及使用不可再生能源但碳足跡較低的“藍氫”。

4月初,有消息稱,到2050年,俄羅斯通過出口環保型氫氣每年可獲利1002億美元。此外,工業和貿易部部長鄧尼斯·曼圖羅夫透露,該國將開發生產綠氫和藍氫的技術。

儘管俄羅斯經濟仍然嚴重依賴化石燃料出口,但該國政府已經開始更加嚴肅地對待氣候變化和全球變暖問題。

普京指出:“我們必須應對氣候變化的挑戰,調整農業、工業、公用事業和所有的基礎設施。我們必須創建一個回收碳排放的行業,實現碳排放量的減少,並實行嚴格的控制和監控。”

王佳晶 摘譯自 RT

原文如下:

End of Moscow’s reliance on gas & oil? Russia’s solar power potential means it could become world’s green-energy leader – expert

Russia, a country known for its vast reserves of oil and gas, has the potential to become a world leader in ‘green’ hydrogen and solar power. That’s according to Dr Ajay Mathur, head of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).

Founded in 2016, and first proposed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the organization initially focused on grouping together countries that lie in between the tropics, with the possibility of other states gaining associate membership. It aims to boost the consumption of solar energy as a means of reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Now, Mathur is looking at expanding the group to other countries with a significant solar future – including Russia.

“We believe that especially the southern part of Russia has a huge potential for the production of solar energy,” Mathur told Moscow news agency RIA Novosti. “Both Russia and ISA can learn from each other. ISA provides a set of lessons from other countries, and the lessons we take from Russia can be shared with the solar alliance and the entire global solar-user community.”

According to Mathur, Russia has made great strides in the development of hydroelectric power plants, and leads the world in water electrolysis.

“Russia is the largest country on Earth. We are counting on it to become a member of the solar alliance,” he continued. “I would really like to come to Russia and pay tribute to the Russian leadership.”

Aside from solar, Mathur believes Russia can take a leading role in producing ‘green’ hydrogen. Green hydrogen is created by using solar energy to split water. It is distinct from ‘grey’ hydrogen, which is made through fossil fuels, and from ‘blue’ hydrogen, which uses non-renewable energy sources but has a low carbon footprint.

Earlier this month, it was revealed that Russia could earn up to $100.2 billion a year by 2050 from the export of environmentally friendly types of hydrogen. In addition, the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturov, revealed that the country would develop technology for the production of both ‘green’ and ‘blue’ hydrogen.

While Russia’s economy still strongly relies on exports of fossil fuels, the country’s government has begun to take climate change and global warming more seriously.

“We must respond to the challenges of climate change, adapt agriculture, industry, utilities, the entire infrastructure,” Putin said. “[We must] create an industry to recycle carbon emissions, achieve a reduction in their volume and introduce strict control and monitoring.”

 

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